Bayern neapel

bayern neapel

vor 3 Tagen In seiner Zeit als Trainer des Fußball-Bundesligisten FC Bayern München wollte Carlo Ancelotti Kalidou Koulibaly vom SSC Neapel. Okt. Beim FC Bayern musste sich Carlo Ancelotti herbe Kritik am Führungsstil gefallen lassen. Beim SSC Neapel beweist der Coach das Gegenteil. SSC Napoli» Bilanz gegen Bayern München. Liverpool-Fan von Neapel- Anhängern attackiert. Ein Fan des FC Liverpool ist in der Nacht zum Mittwoch vor . AfD bringt Judenhass in Gang Lidl: Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Das Team von Thomas Tuchel spielte nur 1: Nach seinem Karriereende geht der ehemalige Linksverteidiger und passionierte Surfer seinem einstigen Beruf weiter nach, wechselte aber die Seiten. Ok Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies. Königin beider Sizilien — Mit den Bayern wurde Frings deutscher Meister und Pokalsieger. Im September hatte er seine angemietete Villa in München in Brand gesteckt. Aktuelles Nationalelf droht bitteres Russland-Spiel Knobloch: Er wechselte zu Vissel Kobe nach Japan. So verblieb das Herrscherpaar bis zur letzten Minute in seinem untergehenden Königreich, bis es keinen anderen Ausweg mehr gab und Gaeta im Februar kapitulierte. Da Ancelotti in jüngerer Vergangenheit nicht gerade als taktischer Innovator auffiel, fürchteten zu Saisonbeginn viele, dass Neapel unter dem Trainerwechsel massive Einbrüche erleiden würde. Der Ukrainer hat seine aktive Laufbahn beendet, spielte zuletzt für Kairat Almaty in der kasachischen Liga. Wir schicken dir einen Link um dein Passwort zu erneuern. Für die "Red Devils" absolvierte der geborene gebürtige Kanadier Sohn einer walisischen Mutter und eines englischen Vaters aber nur noch 28 Mal. Mit 17 Jahren, am 8. Wir haben dir einen Link jocur casino zurücksetzen deines Passwortes geschickt! Wechseln Beste Spielothek in Rapperszell finden jetzt auf einen aktuellen Browser, um schneller und sicherer zu surfen. Früh blamierte man sich mit einem 0: Und noch nach siebzig Jahren rühmte sie Benedetto Croce mit den Nürnberg pauli. Mit den Löwen stieg Olic zuletzt aus der 2. Rangnick schimpft nach Leipzig-Pleite. Das hat nicht funktioniert: Der Filmproduzent hatte den Klub vor sieben Jahren nach einem Konkurs african spirit und aus der dritten Liga ganz nach oben geführt. Er Beste Spielothek in Pfeiferberg finden ins Beratergeschäft ein — und gründete eine Stiftung, die Kindern und Jugendlichen in slot pearl Not hilft. Bestattet wurde sie neben ihrem Mann und der Tochter in Rom. Nach seiner aktiven Zeit bei den Bayern stieg der ehemalige Innenverteidiger ins Immobiliengeschäft ein.

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The main city square or piazza of the city is the Piazza del Plebiscito. The piazza is bounded on the east by the Royal Palace and on the west by the church of San Francesco di Paola , with the colonnades extending on both sides.

Nearby is the Teatro di San Carlo , which is the oldest opera house in Italy. Directly across from San Carlo is Galleria Umberto , a shopping centre and social hub.

Naples is well known for its historic castles: The most ancient is Castel dell'Ovo "Egg Castle" , which was built on the tiny islet of Megarides, where the original Cumaean colonists had founded the city.

In Roman times the islet became part of Lucullus 's villa and later it was the site to which the last western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus , was exiled.

Castel Nuovo , also known as Maschio Angioino , is one of the city's foremost landmarks; it was built during the time of Charles I , the first king of Naples.

Castel Nuovo has seen many notable historical events: It was expanded by Frederick II and became one of his royal palaces.

Along its history the castle was the residence of many kings and queens. In the 16th century it became the Hall of justice.

Another Neapolitan castle is Castel Sant'Elmo , which was completed in and is built in the shape of a star. Its strategic position that overlook the entire city made it the aim of various invaders.

During the uprising of Masaniello in , the Spanish took refuge in Sant'Elmo to escape the revolutionaries. The Carmine Castle , built in and highly modified in the 16th century by the Spanish, was demolished in to make room for the Via Marina, although two of the castle's towers remain as a monument.

The Vigliena Fort, which was built in , was destroyed in during the royalist war against the Parthenopean Republic, and is now abandoned and in ruin.

Naples is widely known for its wealth of historical museums. The Naples National Archaeological Museum is one of the city's main museums, with one of the most extensive collections of artefacts of the Roman Empire in the world.

Previously a Bourbon palace, now a museum and art gallery, the Museo di Capodimonte is another museum of note. The royal apartments are furnished with antique 18th-century furniture and a collection of porcelain and majolica from the various royal residences: Palazzo Como, which dates from the 15th century, hosts the Museo Filangieri of plastic arts , created in by Gaetano Filangieri.

Naples is the seat of the Archdiocese of Naples , and the Catholicism is highly important to the populace; there are hundreds of churches in the city.

Aside from the Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples has two other major public squares: The latter originally had only a memorial to religious martyrs , but in , after the Italian unification , four lions were added, representing the four rebellions against the Bourbons.

The San Gennaro dei Poveri is a Renaissance-era hospital for the poor, erected by the Spanish in This was for the destitute and ill of the city; it also provided a self-sufficient community where the poor would live and work.

Though a notable landmark, it is no longer a functioning hospital. Underneath Naples lies a series of caves and structures created by centuries of mining, and the city rests atop a major geothermal zone.

There are also a number of ancient Greco-Roman reservoirs dug out from the soft tufo stone on which, and from which, much of the city is built.

Approximately one kilometre 0. During World War II , these tunnels were used as air-raid shelters , and there are inscriptions in the walls depicting the suffering endured by the refugees of that era.

There are large catacombs in and around the city, and other landmarks such as the Piscina Mirabilis , the main cistern serving the Bay of Naples during Roman times.

Several archeological excavations are also present; they revealed in San Lorenzo Maggiore the macellum of Naples , and in Santa Chiara , the biggest thermal complex of the city in Roman times.

Of the various public parks in Naples, the most prominent are the Villa Comunale , which was built by the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV in the s; [77] the park was originally a "Royal Garden", reserved for members of the royal family, but open to the public on special holidays.

The Bosco di Capodimonte, the city's largest verdant space served as a royal hunting preserve, within the Park there are a further 16 historic buildings including residences, lodges, churches as well as fountains, statues, orchards and woods.

Another important park is the Parco Virgiliano , which looks towards the tiny volcanic islet of Nisida ; beyond Nisida lie Procida and Ischia.

Various buildings inspired by the Gothic Revival are extant in Naples, due to the influence that this movement had on the Scottish-Indian architect Lamont Young , one of the most active Neapolitan architects of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Young left a significant footprint in the cityscape and designed many urban projects, such as the city's first subway. In the first years of the 20th century, a local version of the Art Nouveau phenomenon, known as "Liberty Napoletano", developed in the city, creating many buildings which still stand today.

In , the Rationalist architect Luigi Cosenza created a new fish market for the city. During the Benito Mussolini era, the first structures of the city's "service center" were built, all in a Rationalist-Functionalist style, including the Palazzo delle Poste and the Pretura buildings.

The Centro Direzionale di Napoli is the only adjacent cluster of skyscrapers in southern Europe. The small rivers which formerly crossed the centre of the city have since been covered over by construction.

It lies between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei en: The islands of Procida , Capri and Ischia can all be reached from Naples by hydrofoils and ferries.

Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast are situated south of the city, while the Roman ruins of Pompeii , Herculaneum , Oplontis and Stabiae , which were destroyed in the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, are also visible nearby.

The port towns of Pozzuoli and Baia , which were part of the Roman naval facility of Portus Julius , lie to the north of the city. The thirty quarters quartieri of Naples are listed below.

For administrative purposes, these thirty neighborhoods are grouped together into ten governmental community boards. Pietro a Patierno San Giovanni a Teduccio Naples has a borderline Mediterranean Csa and humid subtropical climate Cfa in the Köppen climate classification , since only one summer month has less than 30 millimetres 1.

Maritime features moderate the winters, but summers are quite similar to inland areas much further north in the country. As of [update] , the population of the comune di Napoli totals around , Naples' wider metropolitan area , sometimes known as Greater Naples, has a population of approximately 4.

The city's population rose from , in to 1,, in , before declining to , in as city-dwellers moved to the suburbs. According to different sources, Naples' metropolitan area is either the second -most-populated metropolitan area in Italy after Milan with 4,, inhabitants according to Svimez Data [91] or the third with 3.

In contrast to many northern Italian cities, there are relatively few foreign immigrants in Naples; In , there were a total of 58, foreigners in the city of Naples; the majority of these are mostly from Sri Lanka , China , Ukraine , Pakistan and Romania.

Naples is noted for its numerous higher education institutes and research centres. Naples hosts what is thought to be the oldest state university in the world, in the form of the University of Naples Federico II , which was founded by Frederick II in The university is among the most prominent in Italy, with around , students and over 3, professors in The garden's 15 hectares feature around 25, samples of vegetation, representing over 10, plant species.

Naples is also served by the " Second University " today named University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli , a modern university which opened in , and which has strong links to the nearby province of Caserta.

The Observatory lies on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, near the city of Ercolano , and is now a permanent specialised institute of the Italian National Institute of Geophysics.

Each of the 8, comune in Italy is today represented locally by a city council headed by an elected mayor, known as a sindaco and informally called the first citizen primo cittadino.

This system, or one very similar to it, has been in place since the invasion of Italy by Napoleonic forces in When the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was restored, the system was kept in place with members of the nobility filling mayoral roles.

Since World War II , the political landscape of Naples has been neither strongly right-wing nor left-wing — both Christian democrats and democratic socialists have governed the city at different times, with roughly equal frequency.

Currently, the mayor of Naples is Luigi de Magistris of the Democrazia e Autonomia party; de Magistris has held the position since the elections.

The city has experienced significant economic growth since World War II, but joblessness remains a major problem, [] and the city is characterised by high levels of political corruption and organised crime.

Naples is a major national and international tourist destination, being one of Italy and Europe's top tourist cities.

Tourists began visiting Naples in the 18th century, during the Grand Tour. In terms of international arrivals, Naples was the th-most-visited city in the world in , with , visitors a 1.

In recent times, there has been a move away from a traditional agriculture-based economy in the province of Naples to one based on service industries.

In , employment in the province of Naples was distributed as follows: Naples is served by several major motorways it: The city furthermore operates the Metropolitana di Napoli , the Naples Metro, an underground rapid transit railway system which integrates both surface railway lines and the city's metro stations , many of which are noted for their decorative architecture and public art.

There are also four funiculars in the city operated by ANM: Centrale , Chiaia , Montesanto and Mergellina.

Three public elevators are in operation in the city: Suburban rail services are provided by Trenitalia , Circumvesuviana , Ferrovia Cumana and Metronapoli.

The city's main railway station is Napoli Centrale , which is located in Piazza Garibaldi; other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei [] and Napoli Mergellina.

Naples' streets are famously narrow it was the first city in the world to set up a pedestrian one-way street , [] so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit.

Direct sleeper 'boat train' services operate nightly to cities in Sicily. The port of Naples runs several public ferry, hydrofoil and SWATH catamaran services, linking numerous locations in both the Neapolitan province , including Capri , Ischia and Sorrento , and the Salernitan province , including Salerno , Positano and Amalfi.

It is the largest airport in southern Italy, with around national and international flights arriving or departing daily.

The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Naples, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 77 min.

The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 27 min, while The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7.

Naples has long been a centre of art and architecture, dotted with Medieval, Baroque and Renaissance-era churches, castles and palaces. In the 18th century, Naples went through a period of neoclassicism , following the discovery of the remarkably intact Roman ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii.

Royal Academy of Design , was the centre of the artistic School of Posillipo in the 19th century. The modern Academy offers courses in painting, decorating , sculpture, design, restoration , and urban planning.

Naples is also known for its theatres, which are among the oldest in Europe — the Teatro di San Carlo opera house dates back to the 18th century.

Naples is also the home of the artistic tradition of Capodimonte porcelain. In , Charles of Bourbon founded the Royal Factory of Capodimonte, many of whose artworks are now on display in the Museum of Capodimonte.

Several of Naples' midth-century porcelain factories remain active today. Naples is internationally famous for its cuisine and wine; it draws culinary influences from the numerous cultures which have inhabited it over the course of its history, including the Greeks , Spanish and French.

Neapolitan cuisine emerged as a distinct form in the 18th century. The ingredients are typically rich in taste, while remaining affordable to the general populace.

Naples is traditionally credited as the home of pizza. Naples is well known for its sweet dishes, including colourful gelato , which is similar to ice cream , though more fruit-based.

The traditional Neapolitan flip coffee pot , known as the cuccuma or cuccumella , was the basis for the invention of the espresso machine , and also inspired the Moka pot.

Wineries in the Vesuvius area produce wines such as the Lacryma Christi "tears of Christ" and Terzigno.

Naples is also the home of limoncello , a popular lemon liqueur. The cultural significance of Naples is often represented through a series of festivals held in the city.

The following is a list of several festivals that take place in Naples note: The Naples dialect , considered to be a distinct language and mainly spoken in the city, is also found in the region of Campania and has been diffused into other areas of Southern Italy by Neapolitan migrants.

On 14 October , a regional law was enacted by Campania which has the effect that the use of the Neapolitan language is protected. The term "Neapolitan language" is often used to describe the language of all of Campania , and is sometimes applied to the entire South Italian language ; Ethnologue refers to the latter as Napoletano-Calabrese.

In , there were ethnologue. Naples is one of the main centres of Italian literature. The history of the Neapolitan language was deeply entwined with that of the Tuscan dialect which then became the current Italian language.

The first written testimonies of the Italian language are the Placiti Cassinensi legal documents, dated A. The Tuscan poet Boccaccio lived for many years at the court of King Robert the Wise and used Naples as a setting for The Decameron and a number of his later novels.

His works contain some words that are taken from Neapolitan instead of the corresponding Italian, e. King Alfonso V of Aragon stated in that the Neapolitan language was to be used instead of Latin in official documents.

Later Neapolitan was replaced by Spanish during Spanish domination, and then by Italian. In the Accademia Pontaniana , one of the first academies in Italy, was established in Naples as a free initiative by men of letters, science and literature.

In the writer and poet Jacopo Sannazzaro wrote the first pastoral romance, Arcadia , which influenced Italian literature. In Giambattista Basile collected Lo Cunto de li Cunti , five books of ancient tales written in the Neapolitan dialect rather than Italian.

Philosopher Giordano Bruno , who theorised the existence of infinite solar systems and the infinity of the entire universe, completed his studies at University of Naples.

Due to philosophers such as Giambattista Vico , Naples became one of the centres of the Italian peninsula for historic and philosophy of history studies.

Jurisprudence studies were enhanced in Naples thanks to eminent personalities of jurists like Bernardo Tanucci , Gaetano Filangieri and Antonio Genovesi.

In the 18th century Naples, together with Milan , became one of the most important sites from which the Enlightenment penetrated into Italy. Poet and philosopher Giacomo Leopardi visited the city in and then died there.

His works influenced Francesco de Sanctis who made his studies in Naples, and then eventually became Minister of Instruction during the Italian kingdom.

De Sanctis was one of the first literary critics to discover, study and diffusing the poems and literary works of the great poet from Recanati.

Serao was an acclaimed novelist and writer during her day. Poet Salvatore Di Giacomo was one of the most famous writers in the Neapolitan dialect, and many of his poems were adapted to music, becoming famous Neapolitan songs.

In the 20th century, philosophers like Benedetto Croce pursued the long tradition of philosophy studies in Naples, and personalities like jurist and lawyer Enrico De Nicola pursued legal and constitutional studies.

De Nicola later helped to draft the modern Constitution of the Italian Republic, and was eventually elected to the office of President of the Italian Republic.

Naples was one of the centres of the peninsula from which originated the modern theatre genre as nowadays intended, evolving from 16th century " comedy of art ".

The masked character of Pulcinella is worldwide famous figure either as theatrical character or puppetry character. The music Opera genre of opera buffa was created in Naples in the 18th century and then spread to Rome and to northern Italy.

The Neapolitan popular genre of " Sceneggiata " is an important genre of modern folk theatre worldwide, dramatising common canon themes of thwarted love stories, comedies, tearjerker stories, commonly about honest people becoming camorra outlaws due to unfortunate events.

The Sceneggiata became very popular amongst the neapolitan people, and then became one of the best known genres of Italian cinema because of actors and singers like Mario Merola and Nino D'Angelo.

Many writers and playwrights such as Raffaele Viviani wrote comedies and dramas for this genre. Actors and comedians like Eduardo Scarpetta and then his sons Eduardo De Filippo , Peppino De Filippo and Titina De Filippo , contributed towards making the neapolitan theatre and its comedies and tragedy plays well known, such as " Filumena Marturano " and " Napoli Milionaria ".

Naples has played an important role in the history of Western European art music for more than four centuries. The San Pietro a Majella music conservatory, founded in by Francesco I of Bourbon , continues to operate today as both a prestigious centre of musical education and a musical museum.

During the late Baroque period , Alessandro Scarlatti , the father of Domenico Scarlatti , established the Neapolitan school of opera; this was in the form of opera seria , which was a new development for its time.

The earliest six-string guitar was created by the Neapolitan Gaetano Vinaccia in ; the instrument is now referred to as the romantic guitar.

The Vinaccia family also developed the mandolin. A popular traditional dance in Southern Italy and Naples is the Tarantella , originated in the Apulia region and spread next to all part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

The Neapolitan tarantella is a courtship dance performed by couples whose "rhythms, melodies, gestures, and accompanying songs are quite distinct" featuring faster more cheerful music.

A notable element of popular Neapolitan music is the Canzone Napoletana style, essentially the traditional music of the city, with a repertoire of hundreds of folk songs, some of which can be traced back to the 13th century.

Naples has had significant influence on Italian cinema. Because of the significance of the city, many films and television shows are set entirely or partially in Naples.

In addition to serving as the backdrop for several movies and shows, many talented celebrities actors, actresses, directors, and producers are originally from the city of Naples.

Naples was the location for several early Italian cinema masterpieces. Assunta Spina was a silent film adapted from a theatrical drama by Neapolitan writer, Salvatore Di Giacomo.

The film was directed by Neapolitan Gustavo Serena. Serena also starred in the film, Romeo and Juliet. A list of some well-known films that take place fully or partially in Naples include: More modern Neapolitan films include Ricomincio da tre , which depicts the misadventures of a young emigrant in the late 20th century.

The film Gomorrah , based on the book by Roberto Saviano , explores the dark underbelly of the city of Naples through five intertwining stories about the powerful Neapolitan crime syndicate, the Camorra.

Football is by far the most popular sport in Naples. Brought to the city by the British during the early 20th century, [] the sport is deeply embedded in local culture: Naples has itself produced numerous prominent professional footballers, including Ciro Ferrara and Fabio Cannavaro.

Cannavaro was captain of Italy's national team until , and led the team to victory in the World Cup. He was consequently named World Player of the Year.

The city also has teams in a variety of other sports: Eldo Napoli represents the city in basketball's Serie A and plays in the city of Bagnoli. The city co-hosted the EuroBasket Partenope Rugby are the city's best-known rugby union side: Other popular local sports include water polo , horse racing , sailing, fencing, boxing , taekwondo and martial arts.

Neapolitan tailoring offers comfort and lightness; it was born as an attempt to loosen up the stiffness of English tailoring, which didn't suit the Neapolitan lifestyle.

People awarded the honorary citizenship of Naples are:. Naples is involved in town twinning Italian: Below is a list of twin towns and sister cities listed on the official website of the city of Naples: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Napoli disambiguation and Naples disambiguation. Comune in Campania, Italy. Via Toledo Street, Third left: Naples Media Center, Third right: Castel Nuovo Maschio Angioino , Bottom: History of Naples and Timeline of Naples history.

Magna Graecia and Ancient Rome. Duchy of Naples and List of Dukes of Naples. Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Buildings and structures in Naples. List of palaces in Naples.

List of museums in Naples. List of churches in Naples , Spires of Naples , and Fontanelle cemetery. This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.

The specific problem is: Unsourced and very badly written Please help improve this section if you can. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Cinema of Italy and Category: Films set in Naples. List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy. Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 1 April Blackman; Maria Costanza Lentini Ricoveri per navi militari nei porti del Mediterraneo antico e medievale: Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 9 May Naples Greek and Roman.

Archived from the original on 2 April Archived from the original on 27 June Archived from the original on 24 April Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 3 December Touring Club of Italy.

Archived from the original on 25 December University of California Press. Archived from the original on 30 August The New Cambridge Medieval History.

The First Hundred Years , Vol. Kenneth Meyer Setton, Marshall W. University of Pennsylvania Press. The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare.

Archived from the original on 26 October Archived from the original on 19 March A Companion to Early Modern Naples. Archived from the original on 4 May Archived from the original on 18 May Art and Architecture in Naples, — Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.

Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean World: Lodging, Trade, and Travel. Archived from the original on 29 September Information can be found under Data privacy.

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In recent times, there has been a move away from a traditional agriculture-based economy in the province of Naples to one based on service industries.

In , employment in the province of Naples was distributed as follows: Naples is served by several major motorways it: The city furthermore operates the Metropolitana di Napoli , the Naples Metro, an underground rapid transit railway system which integrates both surface railway lines and the city's metro stations , many of which are noted for their decorative architecture and public art.

There are also four funiculars in the city operated by ANM: Centrale , Chiaia , Montesanto and Mergellina. Three public elevators are in operation in the city: Suburban rail services are provided by Trenitalia , Circumvesuviana , Ferrovia Cumana and Metronapoli.

The city's main railway station is Napoli Centrale , which is located in Piazza Garibaldi; other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei [] and Napoli Mergellina.

Naples' streets are famously narrow it was the first city in the world to set up a pedestrian one-way street , [] so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit.

Direct sleeper 'boat train' services operate nightly to cities in Sicily. The port of Naples runs several public ferry, hydrofoil and SWATH catamaran services, linking numerous locations in both the Neapolitan province , including Capri , Ischia and Sorrento , and the Salernitan province , including Salerno , Positano and Amalfi.

It is the largest airport in southern Italy, with around national and international flights arriving or departing daily. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Naples, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 77 min.

The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 27 min, while The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7.

Naples has long been a centre of art and architecture, dotted with Medieval, Baroque and Renaissance-era churches, castles and palaces.

In the 18th century, Naples went through a period of neoclassicism , following the discovery of the remarkably intact Roman ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii.

Royal Academy of Design , was the centre of the artistic School of Posillipo in the 19th century. The modern Academy offers courses in painting, decorating , sculpture, design, restoration , and urban planning.

Naples is also known for its theatres, which are among the oldest in Europe — the Teatro di San Carlo opera house dates back to the 18th century.

Naples is also the home of the artistic tradition of Capodimonte porcelain. In , Charles of Bourbon founded the Royal Factory of Capodimonte, many of whose artworks are now on display in the Museum of Capodimonte.

Several of Naples' midth-century porcelain factories remain active today. Naples is internationally famous for its cuisine and wine; it draws culinary influences from the numerous cultures which have inhabited it over the course of its history, including the Greeks , Spanish and French.

Neapolitan cuisine emerged as a distinct form in the 18th century. The ingredients are typically rich in taste, while remaining affordable to the general populace.

Naples is traditionally credited as the home of pizza. Naples is well known for its sweet dishes, including colourful gelato , which is similar to ice cream , though more fruit-based.

The traditional Neapolitan flip coffee pot , known as the cuccuma or cuccumella , was the basis for the invention of the espresso machine , and also inspired the Moka pot.

Wineries in the Vesuvius area produce wines such as the Lacryma Christi "tears of Christ" and Terzigno.

Naples is also the home of limoncello , a popular lemon liqueur. The cultural significance of Naples is often represented through a series of festivals held in the city.

The following is a list of several festivals that take place in Naples note: The Naples dialect , considered to be a distinct language and mainly spoken in the city, is also found in the region of Campania and has been diffused into other areas of Southern Italy by Neapolitan migrants.

On 14 October , a regional law was enacted by Campania which has the effect that the use of the Neapolitan language is protected. The term "Neapolitan language" is often used to describe the language of all of Campania , and is sometimes applied to the entire South Italian language ; Ethnologue refers to the latter as Napoletano-Calabrese.

In , there were ethnologue. Naples is one of the main centres of Italian literature. The history of the Neapolitan language was deeply entwined with that of the Tuscan dialect which then became the current Italian language.

The first written testimonies of the Italian language are the Placiti Cassinensi legal documents, dated A. The Tuscan poet Boccaccio lived for many years at the court of King Robert the Wise and used Naples as a setting for The Decameron and a number of his later novels.

His works contain some words that are taken from Neapolitan instead of the corresponding Italian, e.

King Alfonso V of Aragon stated in that the Neapolitan language was to be used instead of Latin in official documents.

Later Neapolitan was replaced by Spanish during Spanish domination, and then by Italian. In the Accademia Pontaniana , one of the first academies in Italy, was established in Naples as a free initiative by men of letters, science and literature.

In the writer and poet Jacopo Sannazzaro wrote the first pastoral romance, Arcadia , which influenced Italian literature.

In Giambattista Basile collected Lo Cunto de li Cunti , five books of ancient tales written in the Neapolitan dialect rather than Italian.

Philosopher Giordano Bruno , who theorised the existence of infinite solar systems and the infinity of the entire universe, completed his studies at University of Naples.

Due to philosophers such as Giambattista Vico , Naples became one of the centres of the Italian peninsula for historic and philosophy of history studies.

Jurisprudence studies were enhanced in Naples thanks to eminent personalities of jurists like Bernardo Tanucci , Gaetano Filangieri and Antonio Genovesi.

In the 18th century Naples, together with Milan , became one of the most important sites from which the Enlightenment penetrated into Italy.

Poet and philosopher Giacomo Leopardi visited the city in and then died there. His works influenced Francesco de Sanctis who made his studies in Naples, and then eventually became Minister of Instruction during the Italian kingdom.

De Sanctis was one of the first literary critics to discover, study and diffusing the poems and literary works of the great poet from Recanati.

Serao was an acclaimed novelist and writer during her day. Poet Salvatore Di Giacomo was one of the most famous writers in the Neapolitan dialect, and many of his poems were adapted to music, becoming famous Neapolitan songs.

In the 20th century, philosophers like Benedetto Croce pursued the long tradition of philosophy studies in Naples, and personalities like jurist and lawyer Enrico De Nicola pursued legal and constitutional studies.

De Nicola later helped to draft the modern Constitution of the Italian Republic, and was eventually elected to the office of President of the Italian Republic.

Naples was one of the centres of the peninsula from which originated the modern theatre genre as nowadays intended, evolving from 16th century " comedy of art ".

The masked character of Pulcinella is worldwide famous figure either as theatrical character or puppetry character.

The music Opera genre of opera buffa was created in Naples in the 18th century and then spread to Rome and to northern Italy.

The Neapolitan popular genre of " Sceneggiata " is an important genre of modern folk theatre worldwide, dramatising common canon themes of thwarted love stories, comedies, tearjerker stories, commonly about honest people becoming camorra outlaws due to unfortunate events.

The Sceneggiata became very popular amongst the neapolitan people, and then became one of the best known genres of Italian cinema because of actors and singers like Mario Merola and Nino D'Angelo.

Many writers and playwrights such as Raffaele Viviani wrote comedies and dramas for this genre. Actors and comedians like Eduardo Scarpetta and then his sons Eduardo De Filippo , Peppino De Filippo and Titina De Filippo , contributed towards making the neapolitan theatre and its comedies and tragedy plays well known, such as " Filumena Marturano " and " Napoli Milionaria ".

Naples has played an important role in the history of Western European art music for more than four centuries.

The San Pietro a Majella music conservatory, founded in by Francesco I of Bourbon , continues to operate today as both a prestigious centre of musical education and a musical museum.

During the late Baroque period , Alessandro Scarlatti , the father of Domenico Scarlatti , established the Neapolitan school of opera; this was in the form of opera seria , which was a new development for its time.

The earliest six-string guitar was created by the Neapolitan Gaetano Vinaccia in ; the instrument is now referred to as the romantic guitar.

The Vinaccia family also developed the mandolin. A popular traditional dance in Southern Italy and Naples is the Tarantella , originated in the Apulia region and spread next to all part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

The Neapolitan tarantella is a courtship dance performed by couples whose "rhythms, melodies, gestures, and accompanying songs are quite distinct" featuring faster more cheerful music.

A notable element of popular Neapolitan music is the Canzone Napoletana style, essentially the traditional music of the city, with a repertoire of hundreds of folk songs, some of which can be traced back to the 13th century.

Naples has had significant influence on Italian cinema. Because of the significance of the city, many films and television shows are set entirely or partially in Naples.

In addition to serving as the backdrop for several movies and shows, many talented celebrities actors, actresses, directors, and producers are originally from the city of Naples.

Naples was the location for several early Italian cinema masterpieces. Assunta Spina was a silent film adapted from a theatrical drama by Neapolitan writer, Salvatore Di Giacomo.

The film was directed by Neapolitan Gustavo Serena. Serena also starred in the film, Romeo and Juliet. A list of some well-known films that take place fully or partially in Naples include: More modern Neapolitan films include Ricomincio da tre , which depicts the misadventures of a young emigrant in the late 20th century.

The film Gomorrah , based on the book by Roberto Saviano , explores the dark underbelly of the city of Naples through five intertwining stories about the powerful Neapolitan crime syndicate, the Camorra.

Football is by far the most popular sport in Naples. Brought to the city by the British during the early 20th century, [] the sport is deeply embedded in local culture: Naples has itself produced numerous prominent professional footballers, including Ciro Ferrara and Fabio Cannavaro.

Cannavaro was captain of Italy's national team until , and led the team to victory in the World Cup. He was consequently named World Player of the Year.

The city also has teams in a variety of other sports: Eldo Napoli represents the city in basketball's Serie A and plays in the city of Bagnoli.

The city co-hosted the EuroBasket Partenope Rugby are the city's best-known rugby union side: Other popular local sports include water polo , horse racing , sailing, fencing, boxing , taekwondo and martial arts.

Neapolitan tailoring offers comfort and lightness; it was born as an attempt to loosen up the stiffness of English tailoring, which didn't suit the Neapolitan lifestyle.

People awarded the honorary citizenship of Naples are:. Naples is involved in town twinning Italian: Below is a list of twin towns and sister cities listed on the official website of the city of Naples: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Napoli disambiguation and Naples disambiguation. Comune in Campania, Italy. Via Toledo Street, Third left: Naples Media Center, Third right: Castel Nuovo Maschio Angioino , Bottom: History of Naples and Timeline of Naples history.

Magna Graecia and Ancient Rome. Duchy of Naples and List of Dukes of Naples. Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Buildings and structures in Naples. List of palaces in Naples. List of museums in Naples. List of churches in Naples , Spires of Naples , and Fontanelle cemetery.

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